Bampton Commons, Cumbria

NAME OF COMMONS: Bampton Common; Yewsmire and The Howes; Butterwick Green; Knipe Moor and Scar; Bomby Green; Chapel Green; Nr Fieldgate.

PARISH: Bampton

COUNTY: Cumbria

CL NUMBERS & ACREAGES: Bampton Common (CL85, 2576.85ha); Yewsmire and The Howes (CL84, 39.44ha); Butterwick Green (CL88, 16.00ha); Knipe Moor and Scar (CL89, 120.00ha); Bomby Green (CL90, 6.00ha); Chapel Green (CL91, 00.06h); Nr Fieldgate (CL92, 00.05ha).

Horses on Bomby Green, 1970 (photo: Bowman family, copyright BDLHS)
Horses on Bomby Green, 1970 (photo: Bowman family, copyright BDLHS)

INTRODUCTION

Common land dominates the parish of Bampton, in the county of Cumbria, on the eastern side of the English Lake District.  There are seven registered units of common land, with the largest accounting for 2576.85ha, and the smallest just 00.05ha.  Over the course of the twentieth century, these commons have been the sites of farming and subsistence; various industries, utilities and services, recreational activities and social events; and wildlife preservation and nature conservation.  The construction of the Haweswater Dam, completed in 1959, made a considerable impact on the local environment.

Following one of our ‘Commons Stories’ workshops, held in Penrith in 2012, members of the Bampton and District Local History Society brought local commoners and residents together to explore the history of these commons.  Their research project involved an open public meeting, informal interviews, questionnaires and documentary research.  Their detailed report is reproduced here with the kind permission of the Bampton and District Local History Society, and the authors –Katharine Cooke, Patricia Garside and Bernard Kirkbride.  Research is ongoing in Bampton, and the Society plans further work and publications on their common lands.  Their website can be visited at: http://www.bampton-history.org.uk/.

 

Historical Report

The following illustrated report was written by Katharine Cooke, Patricia Garside and Bernard Kirkbride of Bampton and District Local History Society. Text and images: copyright, Bampton and District Local History Society. Opens as PDF: Bampton Commons Community History Project Report

Goats grazing near the quarry, The Howes (photo: Yvonne Grundy, copyright BDLHS)
Goats grazing near the quarry, The Howes (photo: Yvonne Grundy, copyright BDLHS)

Sources

The authors compiled their report using material gathered from an open public meeting, informal interviews, historical questionnaires and documentary research (please see Report, above, for details).

 

Useful Websites

Bampton and District Local History Society

Bampton Village Website

Federation of Cumbria Commoners

 

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the Bampton and District Local History Society, the commoners of Bampton, and the authors of the Report, for submitting their research for inclusion here.  The Society retains copyright of the text and images contained in their Report.

 

Wood and scrub growth, Bomby Green, 2010 (photo: Helen Farrow, copyright BDLHS)
Wood and scrub growth, Bomby Green, 2010 (photo: Helen Farrow, copyright BDLHS)